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The Armstrong Purse: Flown Apollo 11 Lunar Artifacts

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At the National Air and Space Museum, as elsewhere around the world, we were enormously saddened when we learned that Neil Alden Armstrong, the first man to set foot on the Moon, had died of complications associated with heart surgery in August 2012. Not long afterwards his family contacted the Museum about artifacts he left in his home office in Ohio. In November, Museum curators Margaret Weitekamp (social and cultural history of space exploration), Alex Spencer (personal aeronautical equipment), and I (as Apollo curator) traveled to Cincinnati and were warmly greeted by his widow, Carol. We reviewed the items with the intention of listing those we felt appropriate for possible donation to the National Collection. The Armstrong family had already decided to donate Neil’s correspondence and paper files to his alma mater, Purdue University. The remaining collection of personal items and memorabilia was also extremely rich. Margaret and Alex may have the opportunity to write about these items in the near future.

This post is about something else however. A few weeks after we returned to Washington, D.C., I received an email from Carol Armstrong that she had located in one of Neil’s closets a white cloth bag filled with assorted small items that looked like they may have come from a spacecraft. She wanted to know if they were also of interest to the Museum. She provided the following photograph of the bag and the items spread out on her carpet.

Photograph provided by Carol Armstrong showing the objects found within the white cloth bag.

Needless to say, for a curator of a collection of space artifacts, it is hard to imagine anything more exciting. Realizing how important it would be to determine whether any or all of these items were actually flown in the Lunar Module Eagle during the historic Apollo 11 mission, I decided to enlist the expertise of Eric Jones, Ken Glover, and the team of experts who have put together the incredible Apollo Lunar Surface Journal (ALSJ) website, an indispensable site of detailed information about all aspects of the Apollo program.

The bag itself was immediately recognizable in that the ALSJ long has had a page devoted to what the astronauts referred to as a McDivitt Purse. The purse was a special container (officially called a Temporary Stowage Bag or TSB) stowed in the Lunar Module during launch but specially fitted with pins that fit into sockets in front of the Commander’s station to the left of the Lunar Module hatch. The TSB looks like a clutch purse in the way it opens and closes.

Apollo 11 Temporary Stowage Bag

The astronauts referred to it as a McDivitt purse, apparently because the need for a bag to temporarily stow items when there wasn’t time to return them to fixed stowage locations was first suggested by Apollo 9 Commander James McDivitt.

After a close examination of detailed photographs taken when the objects were in the Armstrong family’s possession and after they were shipped for cataloging and research to the National Air and Space Museum, the ALSJ experts were able to determine with almost complete certainty that all of the items were indeed from the Eagle, and that — although they were formally scheduled to be left behind — they were assembled in the Temporary Stowage Bag and saved from the fate that awaited Eagle’s ascent stage and all of its contents: crashing into the lunar surface.

Evidence that the items were intentionally preserved is found in the mission transcripts themselves. (The transcripts of voice communications are the documents around which the entire ALSJ is organized.) The rescued items are referenced by the Apollo 11 crew soon after Neil and Buzz Aldrin rejoined Michael Collins in lunar orbit. While still in the Lunar Module and after lunar orbit rendezvous with the Command Module, Neil and Buzz spent considerable time passing over to Mike the rock boxes and the contingency samples they had collected from the Moon. Less than an hour before they were ready to jettison Eagle, mission transcripts record Armstrong saying to Collins (Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 129:14:53): “You know, that — that one’s just a bunch of trash that we want to take back — LM parts, odds and ends, and it won’t stay closed by itself. We’ll have to figure something out for it.”

Later (MET 181:38:04) they would describe to mission control the container with the “odds and ends” as, “10 pounds of LM miscellaneous equipment.” It was important they account for the amount and distribution of any added weight so that the return trajectory and entry parameters could be calculated with precision.

As far as we know, Neil has never discussed the existence of these items and no one else has seen them in the 45 years since he returned from the Moon. (I asked James Hansen, Neil’s authorized biographer if he had mentioned the items, and he had not.) Each and every item has its own story and significance, and they are described with photographs in extraordinary detail in an addendum to the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. But two of the items are especially timely. Both have been placed on display as part of the recently opened temporary exhibition Outside the Spacecraft: 50 Years of Extra-Vehicular Activity.

The first is the 16mm Data Acquisition Camera that was mounted in the window of the lunar module Eagle to record the historic landing and “one small step” made by Armstrong as humankind first set foot on another world.

Apollo 11 16mm Data Acquisition Camera. Below are a handful of images captured by this camera.

Neil Armstrong about to step on the Lunar surface as recorded by the 16mm Data Acquisition Camera.

Camera view of Neil and Buzz setting the American Flag.

The second is one of two waist tethers provided in the lunar module explicitly for securing astronauts should they have to spacewalk from the Lunar Module back to the Command Module had there been a problem reconnecting the two spacecraft in orbit around the Moon. We have determined that this tether was the one Neil Armstrong jerry-rigged to support his feet during the single rest period on the Moon, a story well told and documented in the new Journal entry.

Apollo 11 Waist Tether used by Neil Armstrong to suspend his legs as he attempted to get comfortable during the rest period inside the Lunar Module.

In the future, we hope to complete documenting and cataloging the entire collection of items and, as appropriate, to place them on public display. Seeing such things with one’s own eyes helps us to appreciate that these accomplishments are not just in history books or movies, but involved real people and real things, and that they involved an extraordinary amount of detailed engineering and planning.

Allan Needell is a curator in the Space History Department.

Need more detail? Visit the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal website for extensive information on this collection of objects.

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169 thoughts on “The Armstrong Purse: Flown Apollo 11 Lunar Artifacts

  1. Pingback: Neil Armstrong’s widow finds spacecraft artifacts packed away | Sports News

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  3. I know you wish to be historically accurate. The camera here is not the one that recorded the “one small step.” It couldn’t have — it was inside the LEM when he landed. There was no one on the moon to hold it. The images of the first steps were carefully planned out, with the Westinghouse TV camera mounted on a drop-down mesa on the side of the LEM, aimed at the steps. It was turned on, the images were telecast. These are the only images of Armstrong’s descent down the ladder and his first steps. To say otherwise is to pervert history and to invent physical impossibilities. I’m not taking away from the historic value of the items. But we shouldn’t ascribe history to them that isn’t true. The camera here filmed the descent, surely. I’ve seen that film. But it had nothing to do with his first steps, the most lasting iconic images of a human being’s breaking the bonds of earth to visit a heavenly body.

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  5. The LM DAC did record Armstrong going down the ladder, as seen in this video, along with their EVA time on the surface and a number of other important moments of the missions. The astronauts mounted the camera in the window and were able to simply turn it on to record. It’s actually possible to see Aldrin’s face reflected in the window, and though you cannot see Armstrong’s feet, it shows very clearly the motions he made to place his feet on the lunar surface.

    It is important to note that this camera used 16mm cartridges only – it was not able to record sound or broadcast because it was meant for documentation of the critical technical maneuvers of the mission. The black and white camera images, correctly noted as a Westinghouse product, are what so many people are familiar with when recalling Armstrong’s first steps. The DAC film was processed post-flight and has become part of many historical films about the mission, but can be credited as also having recording Armstrong making his way onto the lunar surface. Dr. Needell’s blog correctly portrays its use in part because he does not say the camera broadcast the first steps but filmed/recorded them.

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